MSD Manual

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        Contributors

        Content last modified Feb 2019

        We gratefully acknowledge the expertise of the contributors to our current online version. The subject(s) that they are responsible for are listed after their affiliations.

        Stephen B. Adams, DVM, MS, DACVS
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Lameness in Horses , Musculoskeletal System Introduction , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Susan Aiello, DVM, ELS
        Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

        Andrew J. Allen, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
        Metabolic Disorders Introduction , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Transport Tetany in Ruminants , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses

        Dana G. Allen, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
        Ontario Veterinary College
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        Kelly E. Allen, MS, PhD
        Oklahoma State University
        Blood Parasites

        Sandra Allweiler, DVM, DACVA
        Oregon State University, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine
        Pain Assessment and Management , Pain Management

        Glen W. Almond, DVM, PhD
        North Carolina State University
        Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

        Gary C. Althouse, BS, MS, DVM, PhD, DACT
        Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania
        Management of Reproduction: Pigs

        Claire B. Andreasen, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        Iowa State University
        Staphylococcosis

        Christine Andreoni,
        Discovery Merial Limited
        Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

        Frank M. Andrews, DVM, MS, DACVIM-LA
        Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals

        John A. Angelos, DVM, PhD
        University of California-Davis
        Infectious Keratoconjunctivitis

        Max J. Appel, DMV, PhD
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Donald Armstrong, MD
        Infectious Disease Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|Cornell University Medical College
        Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

        David A. Ashford, DVM, MPH, DSc
        International Services, APHIS, USDA
        Foot-and-Mouth Disease , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Clarke Atkins, DVM, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Heartworm Disease

        Rick Atwell, BVSc, PhD, FACVSc
        University of Queensland
        Tick Paralysis

        Joerg A. Auer, DrMedVet, Dr h c, MS, DACVS, DECVS
        Equine Department, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zürich
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Tahseen Abdul-Aziz, BVMS, MS, PhD, DACPV
        North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
        Avian Encephalomyelitis , Botulism , Listeriosis

        David G. Baker, DVM, MS, PhD, DACLAM
        Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Eyeworm Disease , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

        Gordon J. Baker, BVSc, PhD, MRCVS, DACVS
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
        Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Lora R. Ballweber, MS, DVM, DACVM (Parasitology)
        College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Gastrointestinal Parasites of Pigs , Fluke Infections in Ruminants , Lungworm Infection

        Alejandro Banda, DVM, MSc, PhD, DACPV, DACVM
        Mississippi State University
        Duck Viral Enteritis

        Gad Baneth, DVM, PhD, DECVCP
        Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, Hebrew University, Rehovot
        Leishmaniosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Lisa G. Barber, DVM, DACVIM
        Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
        Antineoplastic Agents

        Stephen C. Barr, BVSc, MVS, PhD, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        George M. Barrington, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University
        Congenital Erythropoietic Porphyria , Photosensitization , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Joseph W. Bartges, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
        Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
        Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

        Andrew P. Bathe, MA, VetMB, DACVS, DEO, MRCVS
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Robert B. Beckstead, PhD
        North Carolina State University
        Hexamitiasis , Histomoniasis , Cochlosomiasis ( Cochlosoma anatis ) in Turkeys and Ducks

        Daniela Bedenice, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
        Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
        Management of the Neonate , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Sylvia J. Bedford-Guaus, DVM, PhD, DACT
        Peekskill-Cortlandt Veterinary Hospital|Campus ETSEA, School of Veterinary Medicine
        Breeding Soundness Examination of the Male

        James K. Belknap, DVM, PhD, DACVS
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Ohio State University
        Lameness in Horses

        Michael Bernstein, DVM, DACVIM
        Angell Animal Medical Center
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

        William G. Bickert, PhD (Deceased)
        Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, Michigan State University
        Ventilation

        Rob Bildfell, DVM, MSc, DACVP
        Oregon State University
        Collection and Submission of Laboratory Samples , Pyrrolizidine Alkaloidosis , Poisoning

        William D. Black, MSc, DVM, PhD
        Department of Biomedical Sciences, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Poisoning

        Patrick Joseph Blackall, BSc, PhD
        Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
        Infectious Coryza

        Barry R. Blakley, DVM, PhD
        Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Metaldehyde Poisoning , Sorghum Poisoning , Mercury Poisoning , Lead Poisoning , Molybdenum Poisoning , Quercus Poisoning , Fluoride Poisoning , Copper Poisoning , Poisoning

        Shauna L. Blois, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
        Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Herman J. Boermans, DVM, MSc, PhD
        Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Poisoning

        Rosemary J. Booth, BVSc
        Department of Environment and Resource Management, Queensland Parks and Wildlife Services
        Sugar Gliders

        Dawn Merton Boothe, DVM, PhD
        Department of Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Pharmacology Introduction , Antibacterial Agents , Antiviral Agents , Drugs and Vaccines , Antifungal Agents , Chemotherapeutics Introduction

        Manuel Borca, DVM, PhD
        USDA
        Classical Swine Fever

        Davin Borde, DVM, DACVIM
        Veterinary Heart Institute
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

        Kenneth R. Boschert, DVM, DACLAM
        Washington University
        Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

        Jane C. Boswell, MA, VetMB, CertVA, CertES (Orth), DECVS, MRCVS
        The Liphook Equine Hospital
        Lameness in Horses

        Joan S. Bowen, DVM
        Wellington, CO
        Lameness in Goats , Health-Management Interaction: Goats

        Andrew S. Bowman, MS, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
        The Ohio State University
        Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

        Perle Boyer, DVM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
        Postpartum Dysgalactia Syndrome and Mastitis in Sows

        R. Keith Bramwell, BS, MS, PhD
        Jamesway Incubator Company
        Artificial Insemination

        Kyle G. Braund, BVSc, MVSc, PhD, FRCVS, DACVIM (Neurology)
        Veterinary Neurological Consulting Services
        Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Matthew T. Brokken, DVM
        The Ohio State University
        Lameness in Horses

        Scott A. Brown, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Small Animals , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

        Cecil F. Brownie, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABFE, DABFM, FACFEI
        College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Poisonous Mushrooms , Poisonous Plants , Poisoning

        Glenn F. Browning, BVSc, DVCS, PhD
        Asia-Pacific Centre for Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Melbourne
        Infectious Bronchitis

        David Bruyette, DVM, DACVIM
        Anivive Life Sciences, Woodland Hills, CA
        The Pancreas , The Adrenal Glands , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        John A. Bukowski, DVM, MPH, PhD
        Description and Physical Characteristics of Dogs , Routine Care and Breeding of Horses , Routine Care and Breeding of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Cats , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Dog , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Horse , Routine Care and Breeding of Dogs , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Cat

        Marie S. Bulgin, DVM, MBA, DACVM
        University of Idaho
        Health-Management Interaction: Sheep , Lameness in Sheep , Scrapie

        Kristine E. Burgess, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
        Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
        Antineoplastic Agents

        Amanda Burling, DVM
        University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
        Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases

        Raymond Cahill-Morasco, MS, DVM
        SeaPort Veterinary Hospital, Gloucester, MA
        Zinc Toxicosis , Poisoning

        Robert J. Callan, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

        Clay A. Calvert, DVM, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

        John Campbell, DVM, DVSc
        Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Respiratory Diseases of Cattle

        Karen L. Campbell, MS, DVM, DACVIM, DACVD
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

        Sharon Campbell, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Pfizer Inc.
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Ivan W. Caple, BVSc, PhD, MACVSc, MRCVS
        Veterinary Clinical Centre, University of Melbourne
        Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Wayne W. Carmichael, PhD
        Wright State University
        Algal Poisoning

        James W. Carpenter, MS, DVM, DACZM
        Zoological Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Hedgehogs

        Phillip D. Carter, BVSc, MVS
        Queensland Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry’s Tick Fever Centre
        Blood Parasites

        Samuel C. Cartner, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
        University of Alabama at Birmingham
        Euthanasia

        Christopher K. Cebra, VMD, MA, MS, DACVIM
        Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
        Hepatic Lipidosis

        Sharon A. Center, BS, DVM, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Hepatic Disease in Small Animals

        Annie Chih, DVM, DACVECC
        Animal Medical Center of Seattle, Shoreline, WA
        Specific Diagnostics and Therapy , Evaluation and Initial Treatment of the Emergency Patient

        Cheryl L. Chrisman, DVM, MS, EDS, DACVIM (Neurology)
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Jens Peter Christensen, DVM, PhD
        Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen
        Fowl Cholera , Riemerella anatipestifer Infection

        Edwin Claerebout, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
        Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University
        Anthelmintics

        Meredith Martin Clancy, DVM, MPH, DACZM
        San Diego Zoo Safari Park
        Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

        Keith A. Clark, DVM, PhD
        Zoonosis Control Division, Texas Department of Health
        Poisoning

        Peter Clegg, MA, Vet MB, DipECVS, PhD, MRCVS
        Veterinary Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Sciences, University of Liverpool
        Lameness in Horses

        Johann (Hans) F. Coetzee, BVSc, CertCHP, PhD, DACVCP
        Iowa State University
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System

        Stephen R. Collett, BSc, BVSc, MMedVet
        Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Biosecurity , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

        Michael T. Collins, DVM, PhD, DACVM
        Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        Paratuberculosis

        Ben H. Colmery, DVM, DAVDC
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Peter D. Constable, BVSc (Hons), MS, PhD, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
        Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach , Diseases of the Abomasum , Coccidiosis , Disorders of Potassium Metabolism , Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Cryptosporidiosis , Abdominal Fat Necrosis , Acute Intestinal Obstructions in Large Animals , Bovine Secondary Recumbency , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Rhian B. Cope, BVSC, PhD, DABT, FACTRA
        Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
        Smoke Inhalation , Cyanide Poisoning , Toxicologic Hazards in the Workplace

        Robert W. Coppock, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT, DABT
        Robert W. Coppock, DVM, Toxicologist and Associate Ltd.
        Persistent Halogenated Aromatic Poisoning

        Susan M. Cotter, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal Internal Medicine and Oncology)
        Tufts University
        Hemostatic Disorders , Blood Groups and Blood Transfusions , Hematopoietic System Introduction , Blood Disorders of Horses , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

        Laurent L. Couetil, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Large Animal)
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
        Pulmonary Emphysema

        Kate E. Creevy, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Texas A&M University|Dog Aging Project
        Canine Herpesviral Infection , Infectious Canine Hepatitis , Canine Distemper , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Rocio Crespo, DVM, MSc, DVSc, DACPV
        North Carolina State University
        Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

        Gary L. Cromwell, PhD
        Department of Animal and Food Sciences, University of Kentucky
        Iron Toxicity in Newborn Pigs , Nutrition: Pigs

        Suzanne M. Cunningham, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
        Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University
        Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

        Mark P. Dagleish, BVMS, PhD
        Moredun Research Institute
        Louping Ill

        Benjamin J. Darien, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

        Andrew Dart, BVSc, PhD, DACVS, DECVS
        University of Sydney
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

        Autumn P. Davidson, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
        Management of the Neonate , Reproductive Diseases of the Male Small Animal , Management of Reproduction: Dogs and Cats , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Peter R. Davies, BVSc, PhD
        University of Minnesota
        Vesicular Exanthema of Swine , Pityriasis Rosea in Pigs (Porcine juvenile pustular psoriaform dermatitis) , Exudative Epidermitis , Parakeratosis , Swine Vesicular Disease

        Sherrill Davison Yeakel, VMD, MS, MBA, DACPV
        Laboratory of Avian Medicine and Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
        Salmonelloses

        Scott A. Dee, DVM, MS, PhD
        Pipestone Veterinary Services
        Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Respiratory Diseases of Pigs , Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome , Pseudorabies

        Alice Defarges, DVM, MSc, DACVIM
        Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Fabio Del Piero, DVM, DACVP, PhD
        Louisiana State University
        Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Sagi Denenberg, DVM, DACVB, Dip. ECAWBM (Behaviour), MACVSc (Behaviour)
        North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
        Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Horses

        Rishi Desai, MD, MPH
        Osmosis|Stanford University
        How to Study in Veterinary School

        Sandra Diaz, DVM, MS, DACVD
        The Ohio State University
        Pyoderma , Atopic Dermatitis

        R. Page Dinsmore, DVM
        College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Health-Management Interaction: Dairy Cattle

        Joseph A. DiPietro, DVM, MS
        Institute of Agriculture, University of Tennessee
        Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Stephen J. Divers, BVetMed, DZooMed, DACZM, DECZM (herpetology), FRCVS
        University of Georgia
        Reptiles , Reptiles

        Thomas J. Divers, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
        Cornell University
        Noninfectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Leptospirosis , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses

        Thomas M. Donnelly, BVSc, DVP, DACLAM, DABVP(ECM)
        The Kenneth S Warren Institute
        Rodents , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

        Patricia M. Dowling, DVM, MSc, DACVIM, DACVCP
        Veterinary Clinical Pharmacology, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Digestive System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Muscular System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Respiratory System , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Urinary System

        Michael W. Dryden, DVM, PhD, DACVM
        Kansas State University
        Ectoparasiticides , Fleas and Flea Allergy Dermatitis , Mange , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

        J. P. Dubey, MVSc, PhD
        Animal Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, USDA
        Toxoplasmosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        Rebecca S. Duerr, DVM, MPVM, PhD
        International Bird Rescue Research Center
        Management of the Neonate

        John Dunn, DVM, MS, PhD
        USDA-ARS-Avian Disease and Oncology Laboratory
        Neoplasms

        Neil W. Dyer, DVM, MS, DACVP
        Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, North Dakota State University
        Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

        Jack Easley, DVM, MS, DABVP (Equine)
        Dentistry , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Scott H. Edwards, BSc, BVMS, PhD, MANZCVSc
        Charles Sturt University
        Anti-Inflammatory Agents

        Mohamed El-Gazzar, DVM, MAM, PhD, DACPV
        Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
        Staphylococcosis , Mycoplasmosis

        Steve M. Ensley, BS, DVM, MS, PhD
        Kansas State University
        Toxicology Introduction , Poisoning

        Ronald J. Erskine, DVM, PhD
        Michigan State University
        Mastitis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Rodrigo A. Espinosa, DVM, MAM, DACPV
        Aviagen, Inc
        Disorders of the Reproductive System

        Paul Ettestad, DVM, MS
        Epidemiology and Response Division, New Mexico Department of Health
        Plague , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        A. K. Eugster, DVM, PhD
        Texas Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
        Eye Disorders of Cats

        David L. Evans, BVSc, PhD
        University of Sydney
        Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Timothy M. Fan, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois
        Canine Lymphoma , Blood Disorders of Dogs

        Susan E. Fielder, DVM, MS, DACVP (Clinical Pathology)
        Oklahoma State University
        Reference Guides

        Scott D. Fitzgerald, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
        Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
        West Nile Virus Infection in Poultry , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Urinary System , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

        James A. Flanders, DVM, DACVS
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Sherrill A. Fleming, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
        Food and Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University
        Pasteurellosis of Sheep and Goats

        Carol S. Foil, DVM, MS, DACVD
        School of Veterinary Medicine
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Janet E. Foley, DVM, PhD
        University of California, Davis
        Tularemia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Rickettsial Diseases , Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis

        Taya Forde, DVM, PhD
        University of Glasgow
        Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

        Jonathan H. Foreman, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LAIM)
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
        Hepatic Disease in Large Animals

        James G. Fox, DVM, MS, DACLAM
        Massachusetts Institute of Technology
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Mark T. Fox, BVetMed, PhD, DEVPC, FHEA, MRCVS
        Department of Pathology and Pathogen Biology, The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
        Gastrointestinal Parasites of Ruminants

        Ruth Francis-Floyd, DVM, MS, DACZM
        Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Aquaculture , Aquatic Systems , Aquarium Fishes , Fish

        Don A. Franco, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
        Center for Biosecurity Food Safety and Public Health
        Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Robert M. Friendship, DVM, MSc, DABVP
        University of Guelph
        Gastrointestinal Ulcers in Large Animals , Health-Management Interaction: Pigs

        Richard M. Fulton, DVM, PhD
        Michigan State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
        Tuberculosis

        Laurie J. Gage, DVM, DACZM
        USDA APHIS Animal Care, Center for Animal Welfare
        Management of the Neonate

        Shiv Gaglani, MBA
        Osmosis
        How to Study in Veterinary School

        Alex Gallagher, DVM, MS, DACVIM (SAIM)
        University of Florida
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals , Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction

        Maricarmen Garcia, PhD
        University of Georgia
        Infectious Laryngotracheitis

        Tam Garland, DVM, PhD, DABVT
        Garland, Bailey and Assoc
        Gossypol Poisoning , Arsenic Poisoning

        Jack M. Gaskin, DVM, PhD, DACVM
        Department of Infectious Disease and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Encephalomyocarditis Virus Infection

        Kirk N. Gelatt, VMD, DACVO
        Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Neoplasia of the Eye and Associated Structures , Ophthalmic Emergencies , Ophthalmology , Emergencies , Eye Disorders of Horses , Eye Disorders of Dogs , Eye Disorders of Cats

        Richard W. Gerhold, Jr., DVM, PhD
        Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
        Cryptosporidiosis , Coccidiosis , Trichomonosis , Helminths of the Skin

        Paul Gibbs, BVSc, PhD, FRCVS
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Pox Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats

        Thomas W. G. Gibson, BSc, BEd, DVM, DVSc, DACVSMR
        Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Robert O. Gilbert, BVSc, MMedVet, DACT, MRCVS
        Reproductive Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Vaginal and Cervical Prolapse , Metritis in Large Animals , Vulvitis and Vaginitis in Large Animals , Retained Fetal Membranes in Large Animals , Uterine Prolapse and Eversion , Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Reproductive System , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Sabine Gilch, PhD
        University of Calgary
        Chronic Wasting Disease

        Eric Gonder, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
        Butterball LLC
        Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry

        Sonya G. Gordon, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM (Cardiology)
        Texas A&M University
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

        Louis Norman Gotthelf, DVM
        Animal Hospital of Montgomery; Montgomery Pet Skin and Ear Clinic, Montgomery, AL
        Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear

        Marcelo Gottschalk, DVM, PhD
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Montreal
        Streptococcal Infections in Pigs

        Gregory F. Grauer, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Ethylene Glycol Toxicity , Poisoning

        Deborah S. Greco, DVM, PhD, DACVIM-SAIM
        Nestle Purina PetCare
        The Pituitary Gland , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        Craig E. Greene, DVM, MS
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        Paul R. Greenough, FRCVS
        Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Lameness in Cattle

        Tara L. Grinnage-Pulley, DVM, PhD
        Department of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, University of Iowa
        Blood Parasites

        Walter Grünberg, DrMedVet, MS, PhD, DECAR, DECBHM
        University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation
        Dystrophies Associated with Calcium, Phosphorus, and Vitamin D , Salmonellosis , Colisepticemia , Hepatic Lipidosis , Intestinal Diseases in Ruminants , Disorders of Phosphorus Metabolism

        Jorge Guerrero, DVM, PhD, DEVPC (Ret)
        Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

        P. K. Gupta, PhD, Post Doc (USA), PGDCA, MSc VM & AH BVSc, FNA VSc, FASc, AW, FST, FAEB, FACVT (USA), Gold Medalist
        Toxicology Consulting Services|Society of Toxicology of India
        Pentachlorophenol Poisoning , Herbicide Poisoning

        Ramesh C. Gupta, DVM, MVSc, PhD, DABT, FACT, FACN, FATS
        Toxicology Department, Breathitt Veterinary Center, Murray State University
        Insecticide and Acaricide (Organic) Toxicity

        James S. Guy, DVM, PhD
        College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Viral Encephalitides , Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Viral Enteritis

        Sharon M. Gwaltney-Brant, DVM, PhD, DABVT, DABT
        University of Illinois
        Toad Poisoning , Food Hazards , Household Hazards , Snakebite , Poisoning

        Carlton L. Gyles, DVM, PhD
        Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Edema Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Caroline N. Hahn, DVM, MSc, PhD
        Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
        Dysautonomia , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Edward J. Hall, MA, VetMB, PhD, DECVIM-CA
        Langford Vets, Bristol Veterinary School
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Jean A. Hall, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Biomedical Sciences, Carlson College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
        Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Jeffery O. Hall, DVM, PhD, DABVT
        Utah State University
        Selenium Toxicosis

        Farouk M. Hamdy, DVM, MSc, PhD, MPA (Deceased)
        Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Larry G. Hansen, PhD
        University of Illinois
        Poisoning

        Kayla R. Hanson, DVM, DACVECC, CWPV
        LakeShore Veterinary Specialists
        Emergency Medicine Introduction , Fluid Therapy

        Russell R. Hanson, DVM, DACVS, DACVECC
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Musculoskeletal System , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Joseph Harari, MS, DVM, DACVS
        Veterinary Surgical Specialists, Spokane, WA
        Lameness in Small Animals , Arthropathies and Related Disorders in Small Animals , Osteopathies in Small Animals , Myopathies in Small Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs

        Billy M. Hargis, DVM, PhD
        JKS Poultry Health Research Laboratory, University of Arkansas|Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas
        Necrotic Enteritis , Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Spontaneous Cardiomyopathy of Turkeys

        Kenneth R. Harkin, DVM, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        D. L. Hank Harris, DVM, PhD
        Department of Animal Science, Department of Veterinary Diagnostics and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
        Intestinal Diseases in Pigs

        Lynette A. Hart, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
        The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

        Rüdiger Hauck, DVM, PhD
        Auburn University
        Helminthiasis

        Joe Hauptman, DVM, MS, DACVS
        Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Michigan State University
        Diaphragmatic Hernia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

        Jan F. Hawkins, DVM, DACVS
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Pharyngitis , Diseases of the Esophagus in Large Animals , Diseases of the Mouth in Large Animals , Pharyngeal Paralysis

        William W. Hawkins, BS, DVM
        Skin Disorders of Dogs

        Marcus J. Head, BVetMed
        Rossdales Equine Hospital and Diagnostic Centre
        Lameness in Horses

        J. Jill Heatley, DVM, MS, DACZM, DABVP (Avian)
        Texas A&M University
        Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

        Nicole A. Heinrich, DVM, DACVD
        McKeever Dermatology Clinics
        Seborrhea , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Urticaria

        Peter W. Hellyer, DVM, MS, DACVA
        College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Pain Management

        Charles M. Hendrix, DVM, PhD
        Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        CNS Diseases Caused by Helminths and Arthropods , Venomous Arthropods , Travel with Pets , Flies , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Thomas H. Herdt, DVM, MS, DACVN, DACVIM
        Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences and Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health, Michigan State University
        Nutrition: Dairy Cattle , Ketosis in Cattle

        Laurie Hess, DVM, DABVP
        Veterinary Center for Birds & Exotics, Bedford Hills, NY
        Sugar Gliders

        Michael Hess, DMV
        University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria
        Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Avian Spirochetosis

        Hugh Hildebrandt, DVM
        Medford Veterinary Clinic
        Mink

        Delores E. Hill, PhD
        U.S. Department of Agriculture
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        W. Mark Hilton, DVM, DABVP
        Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Health-Management Interaction: Beef Cattle , Nutrition: Beef Cattle

        Katrin Hinrichs, DVM, PhD
        University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine
        Cloning of Domestic Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Frederic J. Hoerr, DVM, PhD
        Veterinary Diagnostic Pathology, LLC
        Miscellaneous Conditions of Poultry , Aspergillosis , Mycotoxicoses

        Steven R. Hollingsworth, DVM, DACVO
        Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
        Eye Disorders of Horses

        Peter H. Holmes, BVMS, PhD, Dr HC, FRCVS, FRSE, OBE
        University of Glasgow
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

        Timothy N. Holt, DVM
        Clinical Sciences, Livestock Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Bovine High-mountain Disease

        Sharman M. Hoppes, DVM, ABVP (Avian)
        Texas A and M University
        Pet Birds , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

        Johnny D. Hoskins, DVM, PhD
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Michael J. Huerkamp, DVM, DACLAM
        Division of Animal Resources, Emory University|Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University
        Laboratory? Animals

        Martin E. Hugh-Jones, VetMB, MPH, PhD, MRCVS
        School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Anthrax , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Staci Hutsell, DVM
        University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine
        Feline Infectious Peritonitis

        Basil O. Ikede, BVetMed, DVM, PhD, FCVSN
        Department of Pathology and Microbiology, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
        Bovine Petechial Fever

        Walter Ingwersen, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
        Companion Animals, Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd, Vetmedica
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Charles J. Issel, DVM, PhD
        University of Kentucky
        Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Peter G. G. Jackson, MA, BVM&S, DVM&S, FRCVS
        University of Cambridge
        Prolonged Gestation in Cattle and Sheep

        Daral J. Jackwood, PhD
        The Ohio State University
        Infectious Bursal Disease

        Mark W. Jackwood, MS, PhD
        Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Bordetellosis , Infectious Bronchitis

        Nemi C. Jain, MVSc, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine. University of California
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

        Eugene D. Janzen, DVM, MVS
        University of Calgary
        Histophilosis , Lightning Stroke and Electrocution , Trichomoniasis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Leo B. Jeffcott, MA, BVM, PhD, FRCVS, DVSc, VD
        University of Sydney
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Cheri A. Johnson, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Small Animal)
        Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Michigan State University
        Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Cia L. Johnson, DVM, MS, MSc
        American Veterinary Medical Association
        Euthanasia

        LaRue W. Johnson, DVM, PhD
        Colorado State University
        Llamas and Alpacas

        Richard C. Jones, BSc, PhD, DSc, FRCPath
        School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
        Viral Arthritis , Malabsorption Syndrome

        Wayne K. Jorgensen, BSc, PhD
        Agri-Science Queensland
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

        Maureen H. Kemp, BVMS, MVM, PhD, DCHP, MRCVS
        Wern Veterinary Surgeons, Wales, UK
        Laryngeal Disorders

        Robert J. Kemppainen, DVM, PhD
        Department of Anatomy, Physiology & Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Endocrine System Introduction , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        Allison Kendall, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        North Carolina State University
        Anemia

        Morag G. Kerr, BVMS, BSc, PhD, Cbiol, FIBiol, MRCVS
        Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

        Safdar A. Khan, DVM, MS, PhD, DABVT
        ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
        Strychnine Poisoning , Rodenticide Poisoning , Toxicities from Human Drugs , Poisoning

        Rebecca Kirby, DVM, DACVIM, DACVECC
        Animal Emergency Center
        Emergencies

        Peter D. Kirkland, BVSc, PhD
        Virology Laboratory, Elizabeth Macarthur Agriculture Institute
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

        Mark D. Kittleson, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Cardiology)
        School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
        Heart Disease and Heart Failure

        Kirk C. Klasing, BS, MS, PhD
        Department of Animal Science, University of California
        Nutrition and Management: Poultry

        Thomas R. Klei, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine and Louisiana Agriculture Experiment Station, Louisiana State University
        Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses , Helminths of the Skin , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Eyal Klement, DVM, MSc
        The Hebrew University
        Bovine Ephemeral Fever

        Roger J. Klingenberg, DVM
        Reptiles

        Nick J. Knowles, MPhil
        The Pirbright Institute
        Teschovirus Encephalomyelitis

        Svend E. Kold, DMV, MRCVS, RCVS Specialist in Equine Surgery (Orthopedics)
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Alexandre Kreiss, BVSc, PhD
        Menzies Research Institute Tasmania, University of Tasmania
        Tasmanian Devils

        Janice E. Kritchevsky, VMD, MS, DACVIM
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Equine Metabolic Syndrome , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        Michelle Kromm, DVM, MPH, MAM, DACPV
        Jennie-O Turkey Store
        Aspergillosis

        Thomas G. Ksiazek, DVM, PhD
        Department of Pathology, University of Texas Medical Branch
        Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever , Nipah Virus Infection

        Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Michigan Veterinary Specialists
        Respiratory Diseases of Small Animals , Respiratory System Introduction , Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

        Mahesh C. Kumar, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
        Poultry Health & Food Safety
        Dissecting Aneurysm in Turkeys

        Nina Yu-Hsin Kung, PhD, MSc, BVSc, BVM
        Biosecurity Queensland
        Hendra Virus Infection

        Michelle Kutzler, DVM, MBA, PhD, DACT
        Oregon State University
        Prostatic Diseases , Mammary Tumors , Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor

        Gary M. Landsberg, BSc, DVM, MRCVS, DACVB, DECAWBM
        North Toronto Veterinary Behaviour Specialty Clinic
        Behavioral Medicine Introduction , Normal Social Behavior and Behavioral Problems of Domestic Animals , Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

        Thomas J. Lane, BS, DVM
        University of Florida, Large Animal Clinical Sciences
        Health-Management Interaction: Horses

        John WA Larsen, BVSc, PhD
        University of Melbourne Faculty of Veterinary & Agricultural Sciences
        Posthitis and Vulvitis in Sheep and Goats

        Garrick C. M. Latch, MASc, PhD
        Poisoning

        Jimmy C. Lattimer, DVM, MS, DACVR, DACVRO
        Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of Missouri
        Diagnostic Imaging , Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Radiation Therapy

        D. Bruce Lawhorn, DVM, MS
        Potbellied Pigs , Potbellied Pigs

        Andrea S. Lear, DVM, DACVIM, MS, PhD
        University of Tennessee
        Bluetongue , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies , Sporadic Bovine Encephalomyelitis , Malignant Catarrhal Fever

        Margie D. Lee, DVM, PhD
        VA MD College of Veterinary Medicine
        Avian Campylobacter Infection

        Steven Leeson, PhD
        University of Guelph
        Nutrition and Management: Poultry , Fatty Liver Hemorrhagic Syndrome

        Michael L. Levin, PhD
        Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
        Ticks

        Julie K. Levy, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine|Maddie’s Shelter Medicine Program
        Feline Leukemia Virus and Related Diseases , Feline Infectious Peritonitis

        Michel Lévy, DVM
        University of Calgary
        Polioencephalomalacia

        Alicja E. Tabor, BSc (Hons), PhD
        Queensland Alliance for Agriculture & Food Innovation, The University of Queensland
        Enteric Campylobacteriosis , Blood Parasites

        David H. Ley, DVM, PhD
        Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Mycoplasmosis

        Teresa L. Lightfoot, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
        Avian and Exotics Department, Florida Veterinary Specialists
        Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Disorders and Diseases of Birds

        Megan Lighty, DVM, PhD, DACPV
        Penn State University
        Aspergillosis

        HuiChu Lin, DVM, MS, DACVAA
        Auburn University
        Malignant Hyperthermia

        Dana Lindemann, DVM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, Kansas State University
        Hedgehogs

        Scott Line, DVM, PhD, DACVB
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies

        Andrew Linklater, DVM, DACVECC
        Lakeshore Veterinary Specialists, Glendale, Wisconsin
        Emergency Medicine Introduction , Evaluation and Initial Treatment of the Emergency Patient , Specific Diagnostics and Therapy , Fluid Therapy , Monitoring the Critically Ill Animal

        John E. Lloyd, BS, PhD
        University of Wyoming
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Jeanne Lofstedt, BVSc, MS, DACVIM (Large Animal)
        Department of Health Management, Atlantic Veterinary College, University of Prince Edward Island
        Caprine Arthritis and Encephalitis

        Maureen T. Long, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Meningitis, Encephalitis, and Encephalomyelitis , Equine Arboviral Encephalomyelitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

        Michael R. Loomis, DVM, MA, DACZM
        North Carolina Zoological Park
        Zoo Animals

        Ingrid Lorenz, PhD, DMV, DMVH, DECBHM
        Bavarian Animal Health Service
        Diseases of the Ruminant Forestomach

        Bertrand J. Losson, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
        Department of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Liege
        Skin Disorders of Horses

        Jodie Low Choy, BVSc, BVMS, IVAS Cert
        Menzies School of Health Research; University Avenue Veterinary Hospital, Northern Territory, Australia
        Melioidosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Leptospirosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Fever of Unknown Origin

        Katharine F. Lunn, BVMS, MS, PhD, MRCVS, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Leptospirosis , Fever of Unknown Origin , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Robert J. MacKay, BVSc, PhD
        Large Animal Medicine, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

        Charles Mackenzie, BVSc, PhD, ACVM, AO
        Department of Pathobiology and Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University
        Besnoitiosis

        Kenneth S. Macklin, PhD
        Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University
        Helminthiasis

        Dennis W. Macy, MS, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences,Colorado State University
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        John E. Madigan, DVM, MS
        Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
        Equine Granulocytic Anaplasmosis , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        John B. Malone, DVM, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California
        Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

        Richard A. Mansmann, VMD, PhD, Hon DACVIM (Large Animal)
        North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine
        Prepurchase Examination of Horses

        Steven L. Marks, BVSc, MS, MRCVS, DACVIM (SAIM)
        North Carolina State College of Veterinary Medicine
        Health-Management Interaction: Small Animals , Anemia , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

        Bret D. Marsh, DVM
        Indiana State Board of Animal Health
        Prepurchase Examination of Ruminants and Swine

        Arata Matsuyama, DVM, DACVIM (Oncology)
        University of Guelph
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Joerg Mayer, DMV, MSc, DABVP (ECM), DECZM (Small mammal)
        The University of Georgia
        Rabbits

        Milton M. McAllister, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide
        Neosporosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Dudley L. McCaw, DVM, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology)
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        Diane McClure, DVM, PhD, DACLAM
        Animal Resource Center Veterinary Services
        Rabbits

        Brian J. McCluskey, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVPM
        National Surveillance Unit APHIS
        Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        C. Wayne McIlwraith, BVSc, PhD, DSc, FRCVS, DACVS, DACVSMR
        College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Arthropathies in Large Animals , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Thomas St. C. McKenna, DVM, PhD
        USDA, APHIS, Veterinary Services
        African Horse Sickness

        Maureen McMichael, DVM, MEd, DACVECC
        University of Illinois
        Pulmonary Emphysema , Fungal Pneumonia

        Jennifer H. McQuiston, DVM, MS
        Rickettsial Zoonoses Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
        Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Gavin L. Meerdink, DVM, DABVT
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
        Poisoning

        Mushtaq A. Memon, BVSc, PhD, DACT
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Washington State University
        Reproductive Diseases of the Female Small Animal , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Paula I. Menzies, DVM, MPVM, DECS-RHM
        Ruminant Health Management Group, Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Posthitis and Vulvitis in Sheep and Goats , Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hepatic Lipidosis , Management of Reproduction: Sheep

        Sandra R. Merchant, DVM, DACVD
        School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Dermatophytosis

        Joanne B. Messick, VMD, PhD, DACVP
        Purdue University College of Veterinary Medicine
        Blood Parasites

        Samia A. Metwally, DVM, PhD
        AGAH, AGA?Division, Foog and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
        Nairobi Sheep Disease

        Bernard Mignon, DVM, PhD, DEVPC
        Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, University of Liège
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs

        Patti J. Miller, DVM, PhD
        USDA/Agricultural Research Service
        Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections

        Maureen H. Milne, BVMS, MVM, DCHP, MRCVS
        Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

        Kelly D. Mitchell, BSc, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
        Toronto Veterinary Emergency Clinic
        Diseases of the Stomach and Intestines in Small Animals

        Harry W. Momont, DVM, PhD, DACT
        Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        Reproductive System Introduction

        Donald R. Monke, DVM, MBA
        Production Operations, Select Sires, Inc., Plain City, Ohio
        Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

        Dale A. Moore, MS, DVM, MPVM, PhD
        University of California-Davis
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        James N. Moore, DVM, PhD
        Department of Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Colic in Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Lisa E. Moore, DVM, DACVIM
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Gastón A. Moré, MV, DVM
        Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)
        Sarcocystosis

        Karen A. Moriello, DVM, DACVD
        Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        Pyoderma , Integumentary System Introduction , Acanthosis Nigricans , Interdigital Furunculosis , Cuterebra Infestation in Dogs and Cats , Otitis Media and Interna , Dermatophilosis , Otitis Externa , Atopic Dermatitis , Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Integumentary System , Hygroma , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Dermatophytosis

        Teresa Y. Morishita, DVM, MPVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
        Western University of Health Sciences
        Enterococcosis , Streptococcosis

        James K. Morrisey, DVM, DABVP (Avian)
        Companion Exotic Animal Medicine Service, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Ferrets , Ferrets

        W. Ivan Morrison, PhD, BVMS
        The Roslin Institute, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh
        Blood Parasites

        Derek A. Mosier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        Kansas State University
        Hemorrhagic Septicemia

        Karen R. Munana, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
        College of Veterinary Medicine,North Carolina State University
        Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Amelia S. Munsterman, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVS, DACVECC, CVA
        University of Wisconsin School of Veterinary Medicine
        Fatigue and Exercise in Animals , Equine Emergency Medicine

        Lisa A. Murphy, VMD
        ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center
        Poisoning

        Michael J. Murray, DVM, MS
        Merial Limited
        Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Jeffrey Musser, DVM, PhD
        Texas A&M University
        Vaccination of Exotic Mammals

        Sofie Muylle, DVM, PhD
        Department of Morphology, Ghent University
        Dental Development , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Dusty W. Nagy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM
        Texas A&M University
        Bovine Leukosis

        T. Mark Neer, DVM, DACVIM
        Center for Veterinary Health Sciences, Oklahoma State University
        Motion Sickness , Demyelinating Disorders , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Cats

        Robin A. J. Nicholas, MSc, PhD, FRCPath
        Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, United Kingdom
        Contagious Agalactia

        Jenny Nicholds, DVM, MAM, DACPV
        University of Georgia
        Viral Arthritis

        Paul Nicoletti, DVM, MS, DACVPM (Deceased)
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Brucellosis in Dogs , Brucellosis in Large Animals , Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs

        Michelle Nic Raghnaill, PhD
        National Academy of Science, Canberra, Australia
        Pharmacology Introduction

        Martin K. Nielsen, DVM, PhD, DACVM
        University of Kentucky
        Gastrointestinal Parasites of Horses

        Jerome C. Nietfield, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Joeke Nijboer, PhD
        Nijboer Consultancy
        Nutrition: Exotic and Zoo Animals

        Donald L. Noah, DVM, MPH, DACVPM
        Lincoln Memorial University
        Public Health Primer

        Lisa K. Nolan, DVM, PhD
        University of Georgia
        Colibacillosis

        Amir H. Noormohammadi, DVM, PhD
        The University of Melbourne
        Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome , Viral Enteritis

        Frederick W. Oehme, DVM, PhD
        Pathobiology, Medicine and Physiology, Comparative Toxicology Laboratories, Kansas State University
        Poisoning

        Kenneth Opengart, MS, DVM, PhD, DACPV
        Keystone Foods
        Gangrenous Dermatitis

        Tanja Opriessnig, DMV, PhD
        The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK; Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University
        Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Infection

        Stephanie R. Ostrowski, DVM, MPVM, DACVPM
        Department of Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Public Health Primer

        Gary D. Osweiler, DVM, MS, PhD
        Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
        Mycotoxicoses , Petroleum Product Poisoning , Coal-Tar Products Poisoning , Poisoning

        Raul E. Otalora, DVM
        Quail International, Inc.
        Ulcerative Enteritis

        Chris Oura, MSc, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies
        African Swine Fever

        Karen L. Overall, MA, VMD, PhD, DACVB, ABS Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist
        University of Pennsylvania
        Behavior of Dogs , Behavior of Cats , Behavior of Horses

        Rebecca A. Packer, MS, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology)
        College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Nervous System

        Sheldon Padgett, DVM, MS, DACVS
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Cats , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders of Dogs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Terri Parrott, DVM
        St. Charles Veterinary Hospital
        Nonhuman Primates

        Emily G. Patterson-Kane, PhD
        American Veterinary Medical Association
        Euthanasia

        Sharon Patton, MS, PhD
        Department of Biomedical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
        Amebiasis , Giardiasis (Giardia) , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Susan L. Payne, PhD
        Texas A&M University
        Vaccines and Immunotherapy , Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats , Blood Disorders of Horses

        Lisa K. Pearson, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
        Washington State University
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Digestive System

        Angela Pelzel-McCluskey, DVM, MS
        USDA APHIS VS Western Region
        Vesicular Stomatitis

        Maurice B. Pensaert, DVM, MS, PhD
        University of Ghent
        Porcine Hemagglutinating Encephalomyelitis

        Andrew S. Peregrine, BVMS, PhD, DVM, DEVPC, DACVM
        Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
        Gastrointestinal Parasites of Small Animals , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Donald Peter, DVM, MS, DACT
        Frontier Genetics, Hermiston, OR
        Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis , Equine Coital Exanthema , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Christine Petersen, DVM, PhD
        University of Iowa
        Blood Parasites , Leishmaniosis

        Mark E. Peterson, DVM, DACVIM
        Animal Endocrine Clinic|New York State College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        The Thyroid Gland , The Parathyroid Glands and Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Hormonal Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Horses , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        Barbara D. Petty, DVM
        North Florida Aquatic Veterinary Services
        Aquarium Fishes , Fish

        James R. Philips, PhD
        Math/Science Division, Babson College
        Ectoparasites , Air Sac Mite

        Kursten V. Pierce, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
        Colorado State University
        Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Cardiovascular System Introduction

        Carlos R. F. Pinto, MedVet, PhD, DACT
        Theriogenology Section, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisisana State University
        Embryo Transfer in Farm Animals

        Carlos R. F. Pinto, MedVet, PhD, DACT
        Theriogenology Section, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisisana State University
        Embryo Transfer in Farm Animals

        Paul J. Plummer, DVM, PhD, DACVIM(LA), DECSRHM
        Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
        Coxiellosis

        Robert E. Porter, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
        Veterinary Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
        Hemorrhagic Vasculopathy of Turkeys , Poisonings

        Karen W. Post, DVM, MS, DACVM
        North Carolina Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory System, Consumer Services, Rollins Animal Disease, Diagnostic Laboratory
        Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

        Cherie M. Pucheu-Haston, DVM, PhD, DACVD
        Louisiana State University
        Food Allergy

        David G. Pugh, DVM, MS
        Auburn University
        Nutrition: Sheep , Nutrition: Goats

        Katherine E. Quesenberry, DVM, MPH, DABVP (Avian)
        Rats , Chinchillas , Guinea Pigs , Mice , Gerbils , Hamsters

        Otto M. Radostits, CM, DVM, MSc, DACVIM (Deceased)
        Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Sarah L. Ralston, VMD, PhD, DACVN
        Department of Animal Sciences, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University
        Nutrition: Horses

        John F. Randolph, DVM, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Erythrocytosis and Polycythemia

        Silke Rautenschlein, DVM, PhD
        University of Veterinary Medicine-Hannover
        Avian Metapneumovirus

        Willie M. Reed, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Turkey Viral Hepatitis , Quail Bronchitis

        Philip T. Reeves, BVSc (Hons), PhD, FANZCVS
        Veterinary Medicines and Nanotechnology, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
        Pharmacology Introduction , Drugs and Vaccines

        Karen B. Register, PhD
        USDA - Agricultural Research Service
        Bordetellosis

        Mason V. Reichard, PhD
        Oklahoma State University
        Cattle Grubs , Mange

        Hugh W. Reid, MBE, BVM&S, DTVM, PhD, MRCVS
        Moredun Research Institute
        Louping Ill

        Douglas J. Reinemann, PhD
        Department of Biological Systems Engineering, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        Stray Voltage in Animal Housing

        Christopher D. Reinhardt, BS, MS, PhD
        Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University
        Growth Promotants and Production Enhancers

        Petra Reinhold, DVM, PhD
        Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health
        Chlamydiosis

        Alexander M. Reiter, DT, DMV, DAVDC, DEVDC
        University of Pennsylvania
        Diseases of the Mouth in Small Animals , Dentistry

        Márcio Garcio Ribeiro, DVM, PhD
        S?o Paulo State University - UNESP
        Nocardiosis , Rhodococcosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Franklin Riet-Correa, PhD
        Veterinary Hospital, Federal University of Campina Grande
        Cattle Grubs

        Yasuko Rikihisa, PhD
        Ohio State University
        Rickettsial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Guillermo R. Risatti, MV, MS, PhD
        University of Connecticut
        Classical Swine Fever

        Ase Risberg, VMD
        Large Animal Internal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Horses

        Narda G. Robinson, DO, DVM, MS
        Curacore Vet
        Complementary and Alternative Veterinary Medicine

        Kursten V. Roderick, DVM
        Tufts University
        Cardiovascular System Introduction , Thrombosis, Embolism, and Aneurysm , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats

        Camille Roesch, PhD
        Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority, Symonston, Australia
        Pharmacology Introduction

        Barton W. Rohrbach, VMD, MPH, DACVPM
        Department of Comparative Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Tennessee
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Peter Rolls, BVSc, MVS
        Biosecurity Queensland
        Blood Parasites

        Juan E. Romano, DVM, MS, PhD, DACT
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
        Hormonal Control of Estrus

        A. Gregorio Rosales, DVM, MS, PhD, DACPV
        Aviagen Inc.
        Disorders of the Reproductive System

        Michele R. Rosenbaum, VMD, DACVD
        Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats

        Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, DACVD
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Robert C. Rosenthal, DVM, PhD, DACVIM (Small Animal, Oncology), DACVR (Radiation Oncology)
        Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats , Hormonal Disorders of Dogs

        Stanley I. Rubin, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
        Diseases of the Rectum and Anus , Digestive System Introduction , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Pamela L. Ruegg, DVM, MPVM
        Department of Dairy Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison
        Udder Diseases

        Charles E. Rupprecht, VMD, MS, PhD
        LYSSA LLC
        Rabies , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Bonnie R. Rush, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Equine Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Kansas State University
        Respiratory Diseases of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

        H. Carolien Rutgers, DVM, MS, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, DSAM, MRCVS
        The Royal Veterinary College, University of London
        Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Jeremiah T. Saliki, DVM, PhD, DACVM
        University of Georgia
        Peste des Petits Ruminants , Rinderpest

        Jean E. Sander, DVM, MAM, DACPV
        Zoetis
        Candidiasis , Disposal of Carcasses and Disinfection of Premises , Omphalitis , Malabsorption Syndrome , Fowl Cholera , Sudden Death Syndrome of Broiler Chickens

        Sherry Lynn Sanderson, BS, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, DACVN
        Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Nutrition: Small Animals , Urinary System Introduction , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Horses , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

        Yuko Sato, DVM, MS, DACPV
        Iowa State University
        Backyard Poultry , Staphylococcosis , Backyard Chickens

        Ashley B. Saunders, DVM, DACVIM (Cardiology)
        Texas A & M University
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Cardiovascular System

        Donald C. Sawyer, DVM, PhD
        Michigan State University
        Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Charles M. Scanlan, DVM, PhD
        Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
        Meat Inspection

        Karel A. Schat, DVM, PhD
        Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University
        Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

        Mary M. Schell, DVM, DABVT, DABT
        ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, Urbana, Illinois
        Rodenticide Poisoning , Poisoning

        David G. Schmitz, DVM, MS, DACVIM (LA)
        Department of Veterinary Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
        Cantharidin Poisoning , Poisoning

        Norman R. Schneider, DVM, MSc, DABVT
        University of Nebraska
        Poisoning

        Thomas Schubert, DVM, DACVIM, DABVP
        Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida
        Facial Paralysis , Limb Paralysis , Nervous System Introduction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

        Kevin T. Schultz, DVM, PhD
        Merial Limited
        Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

        James Schumacher, DVM, MS
        Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tennessee
        Lameness in Horses

        John Schumacher, DVM, MS
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Lameness in Horses

        Maya M. Scott, BS, DVM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University
        Drugs and Vaccines

        Philip R. Scott, BVM&S, MPhil, DVM&S, DSHP, DECBHM, FHEA, FRCVS
        University of Edinburgh
        Respiratory Diseases of Sheep and Goats , Ulcerative Dermatosis of Sheep , Listeriosis , Aspiration Pneumonia , Fungal Pneumonia , Contagious Ecthyma

        Joaquim Segalés, DVM, PhD, DECVP, DECPHM
        Departament de Sanitat i d’ Anatomia Animals and Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animals (CReSA), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
        Porcine Circovirus Diseases , Glasser’s Disease

        Brad E. Seguin, DVM, MS, PhD DACT
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
        Reproductive Disorders of Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Dogs , Reproductive Disorders of Cats

        Holly S. Sellers, MS, PhD
        University of Georgia
        Viral Arthritis

        Susan D. Semrad, VMD, PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin
        Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Patricia L. Sertich, MS, VMD, DACT
        New Bolton Center, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania
        Management of Reproduction: Horses , Reproductive Disorders of Horses

        Torsten Seuberlich, DMV
        NeuroCentre, National and OIE Reference Laboratories for BSE and Scrapie, DCR-VPH
        Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

        A. S. Shakespeare, BSc (Eng)(Natal), BVSc (hons) (Pret), MMedVet (Med)(Pret)
        University of Pretoria
        Heartwater

        Linda Shell, DVM, DACVIM-Neurology
        Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Nervous System

        Clifford F. Shipley, DVM, DACT
        University of Illinois
        Management of Reproduction: Goats

        Michael Shipstone, BVSc, FACVSc, DACVD
        University of Queensland
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Integumentary System

        H. L. Shivaprasad, BVSc, MS, PhD, DACPV
        California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System-Tulare, University of California-Davis
        Hemorrhagic Enteritis/Marble Spleen Disease

        Wayne Simpson, MSc (Microbiology), BHort Sc, DipHort
        Endophyte Mycology, Forage Improvement Section, AgResearch Limited
        Ryegrass Toxicity

        Annette N. Smith, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Auburn University College of Veterinary Medicine
        Neoplasia of the Nervous System , Paraneoplastic Disorders of the Nervous System

        Geof W. Smith, DVM, PhD
        Department of Population Health and Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Actinomycosis , Actinobacillosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Joan A. Smyth, PhD, MVB
        Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut
        Egg Drop Syndrome '76

        Victoria Smyth, PhD
        Agri-Food and Biosciences Institute (AFBI)
        Avian Nephritis Viral Infections , Viral Enteritis

        J. Glenn Songer, PhD
        University of Arizona
        Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Arthur M. Spickett, BSc (Hons) Zoology
        ARC-Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, South Africa
        Sweating Sickness

        Anna Rovid Spickler, DVM, PhD
        Center for Food Security and Public Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
        Zoonoses , Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

        Sharon J. Spier, DVM, PhD, DACVIM
        Professor Emeritus, University of California, Davis
        Disorders of Calcium Metabolism , Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis , Metabolic Disorders of Dogs , Metabolic Disorders of Horses , Metabolic Disorders of Cats

        Richard A. Squires, BVSc (Hons), PhD
        James Cook University
        Feline Panleukopenia , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats

        Manuals Staff,
        Multimedia , Infections , Cancer and Tumors , Routine Care and Breeding of Birds , Selecting and Providing a Home for a Pet Bird , Travel with Pets , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Horses , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Henry R. Stämpfli, DVM, DrMedVet, DACVIM
        Large Animal Medicine, Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Clostridial Diseases , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Jonathan Statham, MA, VetMB, DCHP, MRCVS
        Bishopton Veterinary Group|RAFT Solutions Ltd
        Cystic Ovary Disease , Management of Reproduction: Cattle

        James H. Steele, DVM, MPH
        School of Public Health, University of Texas
        Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

        Bryan L. Stegelmeier, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        USDA-ARS
        Bracken Fern Poisoning , Sweet Clover Poisoning

        Jörg M. Steiner, DMV, PhD, DACVIM, DECVIM-CA, AGAF
        Texas A & M University
        Drugs and Vaccines , The Exocrine Pancreas , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Allison J. Stewart, BVSC (Hons), MS, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
        The University of Queensland
        Disorders of Magnesium Metabolism , Intestinal Diseases in Horses and Foals

        Bruce Stewart-Brown, DVM, DACPV
        Perdue Farms
        Nutrition and Management: Poultry

        Jamie Lynn Stewart, DVM, MS, PhD
        Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine
        Management of Reproduction: Goats

        Roger W. Stich, MS, PhD
        University of Missouri
        Ectoparasiticides

        David Stiller, MS, PhD
        University of Idaho
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Roger W. Stitch, MS, PhD
        University of Missouri
        Ectoparasiticides

        Michael K. Stoskopf, DVM, PhD, DACZM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University
        Marine Mammals

        Simone T. Stoute, DVM, PhD, DACPV
        University of California, Davis
        Duck Viral Hepatitis

        George M. Strain, PhD
        Comparative Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Deafness

        Reinhard K. Straubinger, DrMedVetHabil, PhD
        Institute for Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, LMU
        Lyme Borreliosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Bert E. Stromberg, PhD
        Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
        Infectious Diseases of the Urinary System in Large Animals , Trichinellosis , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        David E. Swayne, DVM, PhD, DACVP, DACPV
        USDA-ARS, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
        Newcastle Disease and Other Paramyxovirus Infections , Avian Influenza

        Thomas W. Swerczek, DVM, PhD
        Department of Veterinary Science, University of Kentucky
        Tyzzer Disease , Digestive Disorders of Cats , Digestive Disorders of Dogs

        Jane E. Sykes, BVSc (Hons), PhD, DACVIM
        Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
        Chlamydial Conjunctivitis

        Joseph Taboada, DVM, DACVIM
        Office of Student and Academic Affairs, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University
        Fungal Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Patricia A. Talcott, MS, DVM, PhD, DABVT
        University of Idaho
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Justin Tank, DVM, MBA
        Select Sires, Inc
        Seminal Vesiculitis in Bulls

        Jaime L. Tarigo, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        University of Georgia
        Blood Parasites

        Marcel Taverne, PhD
        Utrecht University
        Pseudopregnancy in Goats

        Stuart M. Taylor, PhD, BVMS, MRCVS, DECVP
        Lung and Airway Disorders of Cats , Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses , Lung and Airway Disorders of Dogs

        Charles O. Thoen, DVM, PhD
        Veterinary Microbiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University
        Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis and other Mycobacterial Infections , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Jennifer E. Thomas, DVM
        Oklahoma State University
        Lice , Mange

        William B. Thomas, DVM, MS, DACVIM (Neurology)
        Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Tennessee
        Diseases of the Spinal Column and Cord , Diseases of the Peripheral Nerves and Neuromuscular Junction , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Sara M. Thomasy, DVM, PhD, DACVO
        Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis
        Equine Recurrent Uveitis , Ophthalmic Emergencies

        Larry J. Thompson, DVM, PhD, DABVT
        Veterinary Toxicologist
        Salt Toxicity , Nonprotein Nitrogen Poisoning , Nitrate and Nitrite Poisoning

        Peter N. Thompson, BVSc, MMedVet, PhD
        University of Pretoria
        Rift Valley Fever , Wesselsbron Disease

        Ahmed Tibary, DMV, PhD, DACT
        Washington State University
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Reproductive System , Abortion in Large Animals

        John F. Timoney, MVB, DSc, PhD, MRCVS
        University of Kentucky
        Glanders , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Peter J. Timoney, PhD, FRCVS
        Gluck Equine Research Center, University of Kentucky
        Equine Viral Arteritis , Equine Infectious Anemia , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds

        Ian Tizard, BVMS, PhD, DACVM
        Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University
        Immunologic Diseases , Drugs and Vaccines , Amyloidosis , Vaccines and Immunotherapy , The Biology of the Immune System , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Cats , Description and Physical Characteristics of Birds , Immune Disorders of Dogs , Immune Disorders of Cats , Immune Disorders of Horses

        Susan J. Tornquist, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University
        Diagnostic Tests and Imaging

        Sheila M. F. Torres, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVD
        Dermatology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota
        Diseases of the Pinna

        Jerry L. Torrison, DVM, PhD, DACVPM
        University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine
        Lameness in Pigs

        Sandra P. Tou, DVM, DACVIM
        North Carolina State University
        Congenital and Inherited Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System

        Josie L. Traub-Dargatz, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University
        Vesicular Stomatitis , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses , Digestive Disorders of Horses

        Paula Tregaskis, BSc
        Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
        Viral Enteritis

        Robert Tremblay, DVM, DVSc, DACVIM
        Boehringer Ingelheim (Canada) Ltd
        Management and Nutrition Introduction

        Deoki N. Tripathy, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
        Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
        Fowlpox

        James Trudgett, CHE Science and Management
        Agri-food and Biosciences Institute
        Viral Enteritis

        Thomas N. Tully, Jr., BS, DVM, MS, DABVP (Avian), DECZM (Avian)
        Louisiana State University School of Veterinary Medicine
        Ratites

        Tracy A. Turner, DVM, MS
        Turner Equine Sports Medicine and Surgery
        Lameness in Horses , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Wendy E. Vaala, VMD, DACVIM
        MSD Animal Health
        Lung and Airway Disorders of Horses

        Stephanie J. Valberg, DVM, PhD, DACVIM, ACVSMR
        McPhail Equine Performance Center, Michigan State University
        Myopathies in Horses , Myopathies in Ruminants and Pigs , Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Vicky L. van Santen, PhD
        College of Veterinary Medicine, Auburn University
        Chicken Anemia Virus Infection

        John F. Van Vleet, DVM, PhD
        School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University
        Bone, Joint, and Muscle Disorders in Horses

        Arnaud J. Van Wettere, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVP
        Utah Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utah State University
        Myopathies , Avian Chlamydiosis , Disorders of the Skeletal System in Poultry , Bloodborne Organisms

        Jozef Vercruysse, DVM
        Ghent University
        Drugs and Vaccines , Blood Parasites , Anthelmintics

        Alice E. Villalobos, DVM, DPNAP
        Society for Veterinary Medical Ethics|Pawspice
        Tumors of the Skin and Soft Tissues , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Pedro Villegas, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVM, DACPV
        Department of Population Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, Poultry Diagnostic & Research Center, University of Georgia
        Inclusion Body Hepatitis and Hydropericardium Syndrome

        Patricia S. Wakenell, DVM, PhD, DACVP
        Purdue University School of Veterinary Medicine
        Erysipelas , Backyard Poultry

        Cheryl L. Waldner, DVM, PhD
        University of Saskatchewan
        Poisoning

        Peter J. Walker, BSc, PhD, DSc
        CSIRO Biosecurity, Australian Animal Health Laboratory
        Bovine Ephemeral Fever

        Michelle Wall, DVM, DACVIM
        Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Cats , Heart and Blood Vessel Disorders of Dogs

        Melissa S. Wallace, DVM, DACVIM
        MedVet Medical and Cancer Center for Pets, Worthington, Ohio
        Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Cats , Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders of Dogs

        Patricia Walters, VMD, DACVIM, DACVECC
        New England Animal Medical Center
        Diseases of the Esophagus in Small Animals

        David J. Waltisbuhl, BASc, MSc
        Yeerongpilly Veterinary Laboratory
        Blood Disorders of Dogs , Blood Disorders of Cats

        Stephen C. Waring, DVM, PhD
        School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center|School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center
        Diseases Spread between Animals and People (Zoonoses)

        Kevin Washburn, DVM
        Texas A&M University
        Lymphadenitis and Lymphangitis

        Craig B. Webb, PhD, DVM, DACVIM
        Department of Clinical Sciences, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Colorado State University
        Vomiting

        Nick Whelan, BVSc, MVSc, MACVSc, DACVCP, DACVO
        Animal Eye Clinic of Waterloo Region, Cambridge, Ontario, Canada
        Systemic Pharmacotherapeutics of the Eye

        Brent R. Whitaker, MS, DVM
        University of Maryland, Institute of Marine and Environmental Technology|ZooQuatic Laboratory
        Amphibians , Amphibians

        Trevor J. Whitbread, BSc, BVSc, MRCVS, DECVP
        Abbey Veterinary Services
        Diagnostic Tests and Imaging , Diagnostic Procedures for the Private Practice Laboratory

        Patricia D. White, DVM, MS, DACVD
        Skin Disorders of Cats , Ear Disorders of Horses , Ear Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Ear Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Stephen D. White, DVM, DACVD
        University of California, Davis
        Urticaria , Saddle Sores , Miscellaneous Systemic Dermatoses , Food Allergy , Nasal Dermatoses of Dogs , Seborrhea , Eosinophilic Inflammatory Skin Diseases , Skin Disorders of Cats , Skin Disorders of Dogs , Skin Disorders of Horses

        Susan L. White, DVM, MS, DACVIM
        College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia
        Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Horses

        Chris Whitton, BVSc, FANZCVS, PhD
        Equine Centre, University of Melbourne
        Lameness in Horses

        Mark L. Wickstrom, DVM, MS, PhD
        Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan
        Antiseptics and Disinfectants

        Pamela Anne Wilkins, DVM, MS, PhD, DACVIM-LA, DACVECC
        Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois
        Emergencies

        Kevin P. Winkler, DVM
        Blue Pearl Veterinary Partners
        Wound Management

        Thomas Wittek, Univ.Prof. Dr., DECBHM
        Clinic for Ruminants, Vetmeduni Vienna
        Peritonitis , Malassimilation Syndromes in Large Animals , Disorders Affecting Multiple Body Systems of Dogs

        Zerai Woldehiwet, DVM, PhD, DAgric, MRCVS
        Institute of Infection and Global Health and School of Veterinary Science, University of Liverpool
        Tick Pyemia , Tickborne Fever

        R. Darren Wood, DVM, DVSc, DACVP
        Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph
        Leukocyte Disorders

        Michelle Woodward, DVM, MS, DACVD
        Louisiana State University
        Saddle Sores , Tumors of the Ear Canal and Middle Ear , Otitis Externa , Otitis Media and Interna

        Peter R. Woolcock, BSc, MSc, PhD
        California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratory System, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis
        Duck Viral Hepatitis

        Robert Wylie, BVSc, QDA
        Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Dogs , Brain, Spinal Cord, and Nerve Disorders of Cats

        Mariko Yamamoto, PhD
        Teikyo University of Science
        The Human-Animal Bond , Health and the Human-Animal Bond

        Roy P. E. Yanong, VMD
        University of Florida
        Aquaculture

        Laszlo Zsak, DVM, PhD
        USDA-Agricultural Research Center, SAA, Southeast Poultry Research Laboratory
        Goose Parvovirus Infection

        Additional acknowledgements

        Some entries contain information and text from even earlier versions. We recognize the important contributions of those contributors who made our previous versions a success.

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